HYDRAULICS

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Steady Incompressible Flow in Conduits: General equation for friction, Laminar Flow in pipes, turbulent flow in circular pipes, Roughness of pipes, Chart for friction factor. Minor losses, pipe flow problems.

Forces on Immersed Bodies: Drag and Drift, Laminar and turbulent boundary layers.

Steady Flow in Open Channels: Equation for uniform flow, Velocity distribution, circular sections, Specific energy and critical depth, Gradually varied flow, Water surface profiles.Unsteady Flow of Incompressible Fluid: Water hammer. Hydraulic Machinery: Similarity laws and factors for turbines and pumps.

Reaction Turbines: Construction, Draft Tube, Operation of different speeds, theory of turbines, Cavitation.

Centrifugal Pumps: Classification, Characteristics, Theory of Cavitation.

Reaction Turbines: Construction, Draft tube, Operation of different speeds, theory of turbines, Cavitation.

Course Syllabus