Overview of Materials Used in Construction: Materials’ general aspects related to weight, density, strength, hardness, durability, workability, chemical, electrical and thermal properties.
Stone: Introduction, Types, Applications, strength tests, Characteristics of good building stones, Artificial stone.
Cement and Lime: Introduction and manufacture of Ordinary Portland cement, Constitutes of cement, Types of cement, cement hydration, Properties and field tests of cement, Special cements, introduction and manufacture lime, Setting and hardening of lime, Applications of lime, Comparison of lime and cement.
Cementations Materials: Introduction about mortars, Methods of preparation of mortars, Properties and application of mortars, Introduction about concrete, Components and manufacture of concrete, Properties of concrete, Types of concrete, Effects of water and various chemicals on concrete.
Ceramics and Bricks: Manufacture of ceramics; Properties and applications of ceramics in buildings. History and evolution of bricks, Properties and applications of bricks, Brick dimensions, Manufacture and classification of bricks.
Plastics: Structure of plastics, Polymer technology, Types, Properties, Use of plastic as construction material.
Glass: Constituents of glass, Methods of manufacture, Types, Use and significance in civil engineering, Advantages and drawbacks.
Wood: Structure of tree, General characteristics and defects, Types, Seasoning of wood, Preservation of wood, Lamination of wood.
Paints: Objectives, Composition, Types, Consideration in choosing particular paints. Introduction, objectives and application of varnish.
Metals: Introduction about metals; Non-ferrous metals: Aluminum, Copper, Zinc, Lead and Nickel. Ferrous metals: Iron, Cast iron and steel, manufacture of steel, Types of steel Heat treatment to steel, Hot and cold rolled Steels, Stainless steel, important failures in steels.
Miscellaneous Construction Materials: Asbestos, Plaster of Paris, Abrasives, Rubber, Cork, Bitumen, Asphalt, Road metal.