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DIGITAL ELECTRONICS LABORATORY


Size of Laboratory:
Capacity:17 (work benches) x 3 (students per work bench) = 51 students per lab
Labs Conducted: Digital Logic Design, Basic Electronics
Laboratories Objectives








Lab No.

Titles: Digital Logic Design

1. To Implement the Basic Logic Gates
a.        2-input OR gate, AND gate, NAND gate, NOR gate
b.      Bubbled OR and Bubbled AND gate
c.       2-input XOR gate, XNOR gate and also design gate with AND, OR and NOT gate
d.      Verify NOT gate and implement NOT gate with XOR gate.
2. Implement Combinational logic circuits with NAND and NOR
a.       Design AND, OR, NOT gate using NAND
b.      Design AND, OR, NOT gate using NOR
c.       Build 3 input NAND gate using 2 input NAND gate
d.      Implement 3 input NOR and NAND gate
3. To design the circuit with the help of logic gates and implement the Boolean function to observe the output
F=A.B.C + A.B’.C’ + A’.B.C
F=A.B.C + A’.B.C + A.B’.C’
4. Boolean Algebra
a.       To verify the rules and theorems of Boolean Algebra.
b.      To simplify and modify Boolean logic functions by means of DeMorgan’s theorem.
5. Adder
a.       To arrange two half adders from a full adder and to verify the truth table
b.      To demonstrate the function of a 4-Bit binary parallel adder using 74LS83 IC
6. Scenario Based Situations
a.       Build the truth table
b.      Express output as a minterm expansion (standard sum of product)
c.       Simplify the minterm expansion of output(s) to a form with as few occurrences of each as possible.
d.      Implement the simplified Boolean function with logic gates.
e.       Connect the circuit to verify the operation of the following situations
7. To demonstrate the function of the:
a.       Decoder (Using 74154 IC)
b.      Encoder (Using 74147 IC).
8. Multiplexer
To demonstrate the function of a 16 input data selector/MUX 74150 by sending ‘1’ on each data line and observing its effect on output.
9. Comparator and Parity Generator
a.       Understanding the construction and operational principles of comparators
b.      Generate a nine bit number with odd parity using 74180 IC
10. RS flip-flop Show to connect a simple RS flip-flop using a three input NOR gate.
11. D flip flop Show how to implements PRESET and CLEAR functions in a D flip flop.
12. JK Master Slave To build JK MASTER SLAVE flip flop and verify its truth table
13. MOD 10 Counter Design a decade counter (Mod-10) by using JK flip flop
14. Binary Ripple Counter Verify the truth table for 7493A, a 4-bit binary counter used in either mod-8 or a mod-16 configuration
15. Serial In Serial Out Shift Register Design a 4 bit serial in serial out(SISO) shift register by using 74LS74A IC
 
  Lab No.    

Title: Basic Electronics

 
1 To study the characteristics of Diode.
2 To study the Diode approximation.
3 To study Half-Wave Rectifier circuits.
4 To study Full-Wave Center tapped Rectifier circuits.
5 To study Full-Wave Bridge Rectifier circuits.
6 To study the effect to Capacitor input filter.
7 To study the clipper & clamper circuits.
8 To study the characteristics of Zener Diode.
9 Zener regulator & loading effect.
10 To study the characteristics of Light Emitting Diode (LED).
11 To study LED driver circuit.
12 To study common emitter connection of Transistor.
13 To study base biasing technique of Transistor
14 To study the characteristics of JFET.
Laboratory Equipment
S. No. Equipment Quantity
1. Oscilloscope 22
2. Digital Power Supply 19
3. Function Generator 22
4. Digital Oscilloscope 06
5. Proto Boards 47
6. Digital Function Generator 02
7. Digital Multi-Meter 35
8. Analog Multi-Meter 31
9. Logic Probe 50
10. Microprocessor Sensing Trainer 01
  TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
BASIC ELECTRONICS LABORATORY
Size of Laboratory:
Capacity:16 (work benches) x 3 (students per work bench) = 48 students per lab
Labs Conducted: Basic Electrical Engineering, Amplifier & Oscillators
Laboratories Objectives
Lab No.

Title: Basic Electrical Engineering

1 a)      To determine the value of resistors from their EIA (Electronic Industries Association) color code. b)      To measure resistors of different values. c)      To measure a resistor using the various resistances ranges of an ohmmeter. d)      To measure the resistance across each combination of two of the three terminals of a potentiometer and to observe the resistance change as the shaft of the potentiometer is rotated
2 Using the millimeter and using the coded resistance values as guide, select the appropriate meter range and measure the resistance of different resistors and voltage of different supplies.
3 a)      To verify, experimentally, the relationship between current, voltage, and resistance in a circuit. b)      To verify Ohm's law. c)      To investigate the causes of errors in measurement
4 a)      To design a series circuit that will meet specified resistance requirements. b)      To design a series circuit that will meet specified voltage and current requirements. c)      To design a series circuit that will meet specified current and resistance requirements. d)      To construct and test the circuits to see that they meet the design requirements.
5 a)      To develop a general rule for calculating the voltage across each resistor in an unloaded fixed resistive voltage divider b)      To verify the rule developed in Objective 1 above. c)      To calculate the voltage with respect to common at each point in a variable resistive voltage divider d)       To verify the results of Objective 3 by experiment.
6 a)      To verify experimentally that the total current in a parallel circuit is greater than the b)      current in any branch c)      To verify experimentally that the total current in a parallel circuit is equal to the sum of d)      The currents in each of the parallel branches.
7 a)      To verify experimentally the relationship between b)      branch resistances and c)      The total resistance of a parallel circuit.
8 To verify experimentally the relationship between a)      Branch resistance and b)      The total resistance of a parallel circuit
9 To verify experimentally the superposition theorem, effect of vps1 and vps2 acting alone by superposition theorem.
10 To verify experimentally the superposition theorem, effect of vps1 and vps2 acting together by superposition theorem
11 a)      To determine the Thevenin equivalent voltage Vth and resistance Rth  of a dc circuit with a single voltage source. b)      To verify experimentally the values of Vth and Rth in solving a series-parallel circuit.
12 Measurements to verify Thevenin’s Theorem.
13 Use Mesh analysis to find current and voltage across each resistor.
14 a)      To determine Norton equivalent current IN and resistance RN of a dc circuit with a single voltage source. b)      To verify experimentally Norton theorem.
 
Lab No.

Title: Amplifier & Oscillator

1 (a)To observe the voltage gain of Noninverting Configuration of the Op-  amp by varying resistance. (b)To observe the voltage gain of Inverting Configuration of the Op-amp by varying resistance.
2 (a)To observe the operation of a Summing op amp with cascaded Op-amps in a Voltage Follower and Inverting configuration. (b) To observe the operation of Summing op amp with cascaded Op-amps in Non-inverting and Inverting configurations. (c)To observe the operation of a Summing op amp with cascaded Op-amps in Inverting configuration only.
3 (a)To observe the output voltage of a Difference op amp by varying AC input voltage. (b)To observe the output voltage of a Difference op amp by varying DC input voltage.
 4 (a)To observe the output voltage of a compensated Differentiator circuit. (c)To plot the input and output waveforms of a Differentiator.
5 (a)To design a compensated Integrator circuit. (b)To plot the input and output waveforms of a compensated Integrator circuit.
6 (a)To design a Schmitt Trigger circuit by using op amp (a comparator with Hysteresis). (b)To determine the Hysteresis voltage of a Schmitt Trigger circuit.
7 (a)To demonstrate the operation of a Precision Half Wave Rectifier by using op amp. (b)To observe the response of part(a) by reversing the diodes connection.
8 (a)To design a Passive Low Pass filter. (b)To design an active low pass filter by using op amp.
9 (a)To design a Passive High Pass filter. (b)To design an active High Pass filter by using op amp.
10 (a)To design the response of a Butterworth low pass filter. (b) To Plot the response of a Butterworth low pass filter.
11 (a)To design and observe the operation of a Wein-Bridge oscillator. (b)To generate different frequencies by varying resistance of Wein -Bridge oscillator.
12 To calculate the frequency of the RC phase shift oscillator by using Op-amp.
13 (a) Introduction of LC Colpitts Oscillator. (b)To investigate the action of op amp based LC Colpitts Oscillator.
14 (a) To design and observe the operation of an Astable 555 timer. (b)To generate different duty cycles by varying the resistance of an Astable 555 timer. (c)To design and observe the operation of voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) by using 555 timer.
Laboratory Equipment
S.No.

Equipment

Quantity
1 Project board 23
2 Digital Power Supply 20
3 Analog Power Supply 22
4 Digital Multimeter 58
5 Analog Multimeter 89
6 Function Generator 25
7 Resistor meter 10
8 Analog Oscilloscope 18
9 Digital Oscilloscope 06
10 Universal programmer 01
11 Optical Communication kits 10
TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
ANTENNA & WAVE PROPAGATION LABORATORY  
Size of Laboratory:
Capacity:8(work benches) x 3 (students per work bench) = 24 students per lab
Labs Conducted: Antenna & Microwave Theory
Laboratories Objectives
S. No

Titles: Antenna & Microwave Theory

1. To observe radiation pattern of Half –wave Dipole antenna a)      Using Antenna Trainer ED-3200 b)      Using Antenna Trainer ST-2261
2. To observe radiation pattern of Folded dipole antenna as receiver also observe radiation pattern a)      Using Antenna Trainer ED-3200 b)      Using Antenna Trainer St- 2261
3. To observe radiation pattern of Square loop antenna as receiver and study polarization characteristics of a full wave loop antenna. a)      Using Antenna Trainer ED-3200 b)      Using Antenna Trainer ST- 2261
4. To observe radiation pattern of Yagi-Uda 5 element simple dipole antenna a)      Using Antenna Trainer ED-3200 b)      Using Antenna Trainer ST-2261
5. To observe radiation pattern of Yagi-Uda 5 element Folded dipole antenna using Antenna Trainer ST-2261
6. To study the Reciprocity theorem for antenna
7. To observe the radial pattern of E-Plane for a drooping antenna used for 500MHz. Also, study the polarization characteristics of a drooping antenna.
8. To observe radiation pattern of Zeppelin antenna using Antenna Trainer by using ST-2261
9. Calculate half power beam width of a §  Dipole antenna §  Folded dipole antenna §  Square loop antenna
10. To observe the radiation pattern of Pyramidal Horn Antenna using Antenna Trainer AT-5000
11. Measurement of gain of horn antenna using method of two antennas using Antenna Trainer     AT-5000
12. Determining the following unknown parameters by using slotted lines (Antenna Trainer AT-5000) a)      Frequency and wavelength b)       VSWR
13. Measurement of insertion loss characteristic of a low pass filter (LPF) and Band pass filter (BPF)
14. To investigate the directional properties and determine the coupling Directivity and insertion Loss of a Directional Coupler
  Laboratory Equipment
S.No.

Equipment

Quantity
Antenna Trainer AT-5000 02
Blue Tooth Trainer BT-2001 01
Teleflex Trainer 01
Radar Trainer DL-2450 01
Microwave Trainer ED-3000 01
Function Generator 06
Digital Oscilloscope 02
Satellite Trainer 01
Spectrum Analyzer 02
Computer Sets 22
Frequency Counter 07
Project Board 06
Lay board Antenna Trainer 01
Analog Meter 02
Digital Meter 07
Microwave Trainer (Klystron) Kit Rl 550 01
Antenna Trainer ED-3200 01
Microwave Antenna Trainer ST-2261 03
TELECOMMUNICATION ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT
COMPUTING LABORATORY  
Size of Laboratory:
Capacity: 24(work benches) x 2 (students per work bench) = 48 students per lab
Labs Conducted: Network Analysis
Laboratories Objectives
Lab   No.

Titles: Network Analysis

1. DC analysis of Parallel resistive circuits
2. DC analysis of Series resistive circuits.
3. Transient analysis of First order RC circuit.
4. Transient analysis of First order RL circuit.
5. Analysis of Second order source free Parallel RLC circuits.
6. Analysis of Second order source free Series RLC circuits.
7. AC analysis of series RL circuit using phasor concepts
8. To investigate network theorem Superposition for AC circuits.
9. To investigate Thevenin & Norton equivalent for AC circuits.
10. Power analysis of ac circuits.
11. To analyze magnetically coupled circuits.
12. To analyze the Two port networks.
13. AC analysis of three phases Y-Y connection & three phase y-delta connection.
14. Frequency response of Passive Filters using bode plotter.
Laboratory Equipment
S.No

Equipment

Quantity
01 Dell Computers core i5 Intel original 24
02 Multimedia 01
03 Keyboards 24
04 Mouse (Dell) 24